Australia its history and general information

Australia, its history and location.

Australia, legally referred to as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign nation that belongs to the territory of Oceania. It is the major continental mass that takes up the Sahul platform and is between the Indian, Antarctic and Pacific Glaciers oceans; it really is divided from Asia through the oceans of Arafura and Timor. It is bordered by the nations Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the northern part, Vanuatu, the French depedency of New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands the northeast, as well as New Zealand To The Southeast Region.

How does the history of Australia commence?

Historical past of Australia ( * dates back to the time men came on its territory for the first time. Australian aborigines arrived with boat from the southeast of the Eurasian continent approximately 60,000 years ago, however, the particular date is in debate since Australian prehistory is thought to be some years more extensive because there are no articles of human events prior to contact with Europeans. And, likewise, about 1,000,000 aborigines already lived in the area when they colonized it.
It is known that Australia had been discovered in the 16th century by Portuguese And Soanish Sailors, however they kept the information secret for ideal reasons. Then, Dutch explorers done the first sighting a hundred years later. Nonetheless, they considered it an uninhabitable property that wasn’t suitable for colonization and left free passage to later British “”.

Captain James Cook.

Even though there was some other European expeditions in past times, what exactly is considered as the most satisfactory discovery of Australia was done in the 18th century by the English captain James Cook, who landed in 1770, claimed the area for the British crown and got ownership of the Southeast of the island in the name of the king of England.
Cook’s findings as well as the acknowledgement of his studies by English authorities, granted the first European settlement around the region, so it is typical to hear that Cook is the great discoverer the the southern area of land, although the real breakthrough discovery happened more than A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years before his journey.

British colonization.

England was especially intrigued by Australia since they found it as a potential answer to the problem of overpopulation that they suffered during that time because of the loss in the 13 American colonies and it also was considered to transfer a portion of its residents there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 First Fleet boats left Portsmouth, England, to Botany Bay, Australia ( *More on: In that way, colonists arrived and populated the area while displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and also illnesses.

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It became a Federation.

When the 20th century came, Australia didn’t exist as a nation: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the 6 different states agreed in a referendum to become a federation and they also selected the typical flag that right now is still the flag of Australia.
Following the formation of Australia as a nation, it had been intended to enforce a law on immigration management. Nonetheless, when World War II ended, a number of migrants from different places found its way to the country and, at present, it is the house of people from a number of areas of the world.

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